You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today.
What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
You should write at least 250 words.
Paragraph 1 – Introduction
Paragraph 2 – Causes of global warming
Paragraph 3 – Solutions that governments can take
Paragraph 4 – Solution that individuals can take
Paragraph 5 – Conclusion
IELTS MODEL ESSAY
Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. What are causes of global warming and measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issues?
There is little doubt that global warming has been a major concern for some time. With increased waste and burning of fossil fuels, carbon dioxide becomes trapped in the atmosphere and acts like a blanket over earth. Though the problem is serious, there are measures that governments and individuals can take to address it.
There are many causes of global warming including, burning fuel and fossil fuels, certain farm practices and deforestation. Humans burn a tremendous amount of fuel and fossil fuels everyday, including gasoline, coal and oil. The resulting, additional carbon dioxide raises the temperature of the atmosphere. The same happens from methane emissions on farms, such as from cows and some fertilizers. Normally, trees help to cool the air by removing carbon dioxide. Through deforestation, however, an efficient method of cooling the air is eliminated.
Governments possess authority and resources, so they should be primarily responsible for addressing the problem of global warming. The most effective way to combat a problem is through education. Local and national governments should implement programs to educate people about global warming and some practical ways to deal with it. Legislators must set a limit on the amount of carbon dioxide that farms and companies can produce on a daily basis. Fines should be assessed for exceeding the limit. In addition, mass deforestation must be made illegal. Positive measures are also important. For instance, residents could be provided with free trees to plant in their gardens. Since trees are expensive, companies could get tax breaks for sponsoring these programs.
Individuals must be empowered to help solve the problem of global warming. There is much that ordinary people can do. For example, families can reduce their fuel consumption by line drying their clothes in summer and turning down their thermostats. People should also limit their use of artificial fertilizers. Composting fruits and vegetables is a more ecologically-friendly way to fertilize gardens and does not harm the atmosphere.
In conclusion, global warming is a real threat to the environment. Taking measures at both the government and individual level will help to reduce its effects. (348 words)