You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism? In general, do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
You should write at least 250 words.
Advantages and disadvantages essays are common on the IELTS exam. When you talk about the advantages and disadvantages, do not talk about both of these in one paragraph. This will make your essay confusing.
Instead write the advantages in one paragraph and the disadvantages in another paragraph. If you have many advantages, you can write about advantages in two paragraphs.
The essay below about tourism has two paragraphs for advantages and one paragraph for disadvantages.
Paragraph 1 – Introduction
Paragraph 2 – Advantages of tourism for cities
Paragraph 3 – Advantages of tourism for tourists
Paragraph 4 – Disadvantages of tourism
Paragraph 5 – Conclusion
IELTS MODEL ESSAY
In the past couple of decades, the tourism industry has emerged as one of the fastest growing industries in the world. More and more people are interested in visiting other places during their holiday. There have been both positive and negative consequences associated with this recent development.
Tourism has brought many benefits for tourist destinations. Tourism not only helps to generate jobs, but also boosts the economy. When tourists visit, they stay at hotels, eat at restaurants and use taxis. All of this increases revenue for business owners involved in these industries. This income, in turn, helps the local community to improve their standard of living. Furthermore, it has been found that tourism has played an important role in the restoration of historical monuments and the revival of several cultural heritages. Cities and towns make an effort to maintain sites for tourists to visit, helping to preserve important parts of the past.
Tourists also benefit from visiting new cities and countries. When a tourist visits a different country, they learn about a new language and culture. They are also introduced to new cuisine and forms of dress. As a result, visitors are able to explore the new culture and broaden their thinking. Children who accompany their parents gain immeasurable benefits from exposure to a new culture. In addition, interacting with local residents helps to facilitate understanding between cultures. These are important benefits in a world that seems to be shrinking each day.
Despite the numerous advantages of tourism, one cannot afford to ignore the disadvantages. Opponents of tourism criticize the industry on the ground that it exposes local culture to outside influence and leads to the dilution of their culture. Moreover, with heavy tourist traffic, environmental damage and pollution to local regions is inevitable.
Technological advances have made the world a global village and mixing between people of different countries and cultures has become a part of life. Despite the disadvantages of tourism, most countries cannot afford to grow their economies in isolation by shutting their doors to the outside world.