IELTS Reading Practice – Multiple Choice, Summary Completion

By | May 12, 2015

In this IELTS reading practice, you learn

  • Multiple choice

  • Summary completion

Jean Hilliard Frozen Solid

When This 19-year Old Girl Was Found, She Was Frozen Solid. Then Something Amazing Happened.

It was just another ordinary night for nineteen-year old Jean Hilliard. Jean was driving home from a friend’s house when her car skidded off of a remote gravel road. Ordinarily this would be nothing more than annoyance and little cause for concern. However, Jean was in Lengby, Minnesota, in the middle of winter, where the outside temperature was 25 degrees below zero.

Afraid that she would freeze to death, Jean decided to leave her car and walk to a friend’s house. Unfortunately for Jean, she did not realize that the house was two miles away. The icy air hit her like a sledgehammer, but Jean was determined to talk.

With temperatures at 57 degrees below freezing, Jean’s situation was risky to begin with, yet she continued on. She was forced to walk against the wind, and her legs were becoming colder by the minute. Jean continued to walk slowly and painfully towards her friend’s house. At 1 am, she reached her friend’s driveway, but never reached the house. Suffering from severe hypothermia, Jean collapsed in the driveway, only 15 feet from the door. She was alone, unconscious and freezing fast.

Jean Hilliard lay in the snowy driveway for six hours. At seven o’clock in the morning, her friend Wally Nelson discovered her in the driveway. Jean was completely frozen, unresponsive. There was absolutely no sign of life and Jean looked like a frozen ghost.

“She was frozen solid. As stiff as a log covered in ice.”

Mr. Nelson was extremely concerned when he saw Jean, but refused to lose hope. He loaded Jean’s stiff, frozen body into his car diagonally and drove to Fosston Municipal Hospital in rural Fosston, Minnesota. Doctors tried to examine Jean, but there was no place to put the thermometer, as her body was frozen solid.

Dr. Sather observed, “I couldn’t open her mouth. I couldn’t raise her arm. She was frozen solid. As stiff as a log covered in ice.”

Doctors had great difficulty examining Jean or even assisting her, as her skin was frozen and could not be pierced with a needle. Even Jean’s eyelids were frozen solid and her eyes did not respond to light.

Dr. Sather ordered warm moist packs to be pressed against Jean’s body, to thaw her slowly. She was also wrapped in an electric heating pad. Eventually, a heartbeat was eventually determined and her heart was found to be beating about 8 times a minute. Cautiously thrilled to find some sign of life, doctors began to work on saving Jean’s life.

Meanwhile Jean’s family stayed close by and prayed for a miracle. Mrs. Hilliard stayed next to Jean and called her name constantly. About one o’clock that same afternoon, Jean began to make noises. She then astonished her mother by asking for water.

Miraculously, Jeans arms and legs began to thaw and, two days later, Jean was able to move her legs.

Dr. Sather had cautiously explained the situation to Jean’s parents, explaining, “I’ve seen a lot of people frozen like that, but I’ve never seen a case where major amputation wasn’t required and I had leveled with Jean and her parents and I had told them she would probably lose both her legs.”

Jean spent six days in intensive care before she was moved to a regular hospital room.

Forty-nine days after she arrived, Jean left the hospital with her entire body intact and fully functional. She suffered no brain damage. Jean astonished everyone, including her doctors, with her full recovery. She is alive and well today.

How did Jean survive her amazing ordeal? According to doctors, surviving freezing temperatures is possible and has occurred in the past. Apparently, Jean’s case is extraordinary, but not impossible.

Dr. Richard Iseke of the Boston Emergency Medical Center explained, “There are numerous case reports in the (medical) literature of people who have survived with (interior body temperatures) as low as 68 or 69 degrees.”

When the human body suffers from hypothermia, or subnormal body temperatures, the body responds by going into a hibernation state similar to that of animals. Internal activity slows, reducing the body’s demand for oxygen from the blood. In this slow-motion state, the body can survive for many minutes after the heart has stopped pumping. In Jean Hilliard’s case, the body underwent a lack of oxygen for several hours. However, Jean’s slowed, hibernation-like state worked in her favor.

How to Stay Safe in the Cold

Though Jean survived her hypothermia, survival chances are generally slim in such severe cases. Though few people will be as lucky as Jean was, there are precautions people should take to increase the likelihood survival in freezing cold.

Here are some suggestions to stay safe in the cold:

1- Remain where you are. Do not leave your car, unless there is warm shelter nearby.

2 – If you are car is functional, run it for ten minutes at a time with the heat on, to conserve gas. This will also give search times more time to find you.

3 – Prepare an emergency survival pack for winter and keep it in your car. Include supplies such as blankets, flashlight, candles, food, water and a flare.

QUESTIONS 1-4

Choose four letters A-H.

According to the passage, which of the following did Jean experience during her ordeal?

A – body temperature dropped to 57 degrees below freezing

B –frozen stiff

C – lost both legs

D – heart stopped beating

E – brain damage

F – remained conscious

G – hibernation state

H – amputation

I – intermittent heartbeat

QUESTIONS 5-10

Complete the summary below. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

The likelihood of 5 _____ from hypothermia varies from case to case, though it is less likely in 6 _____ cases. Drivers should take reasonable 7 _____ to survive freezing temperatures, in the event their car is stranded in the cold. Do not make the mistake of leaving your car unless you are sure of 8 _____ nearby. It is important to 9 _____, so you should only run your car intermittently only. Lastly, keep 10 _____ in your trunk, such as blankets and food.

Check your answers!

Questions 1-4

A – body temperature dropped to 57 degrees below freezing

B –frozen stiff √

C – lost both legs

D – heart stopped beating √

E – brain damage

F – remained conscious

G – hibernation state √

H – amputation

I – intermittent heartbeat √

Questions 5-10

The likelihood of 5 survival from hypothermia varies from case to case, though it is less likely in 6 severe cases. Drivers should take reasonable 7 precautions to survive freezing temperatures, in the event their car is stranded in the cold. Do not make the mistake of leaving your car unless you are sure of 8 warm shelter nearby. It is important to 9 conserve gas, so you should only run your car intermittently only. Lastly, keep 10 emergency supplies in your trunk, such as blankets and food.

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