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IELTS Writing Vocabulary


IELTS Writing Vocabulary is aimed at helping students to understand the vocaulary dynamics in writing exercises. It  also prepare student on how to use different vocabularies in there writing test,hereby making the test questions alot much easier.

IELTS Writing vocabulary (Essay)

Giving examples

  • For example, …
  • For instance, …
  • A good illustration of this is …
  • Evidence for this is provided by …
  • We can see this when …

Expressing general point of view:

  • It is  (generally) claimed that …
  • It is (generally) considered that …
  • A common opinion is that …
  • It is (generally) said that …
  • It’s (generally) thought that …
  • A popular belief is that …

Expressing personal opinions:

    • In my opinion, …
    • Personally, I think that …
    • It seems to me that …
    • I must admit that …
    • I believe/suppose that …
    • As I see it, …
    • As far as I’m concerned, …
    • I would argue that …
    • I’d like to point out that …
    • In my experience, …
    • I cannot deny that …

Very strong opinions:

  • I am sure that, I am convinced that …
  • I am certain that …


  • To summarise, …
  • In conclusion, …
  • Overall, …
  • On balance, …
  • Taking everything into consideration, …

Outlining facts

  • The fact is that …
  • It’s obvious that …
  • It is clear that …
  • There is no doubt that …
  • This proves that …

IELTS Writing vocabulary ( Letter Wrting)

Letter openings

The letter’s first paragraph is letter opening. In your first paragraph you should:

  1. introduce yourself
  2. state the purpose of the letter.

Examples of formal letter openings:

  • I am writing to enquire about … .
  • I am writing to request … .
  • After having seen your advertisement in … , I would like to… .
  • After having received your address from … , I … .
  • Thank you for your letter regarding/about … .
  • In reply to your letter of 18 June, … .

Examples of informal letter openings:

  • Hi! My name is Noah and I’ve been assigned your drama coach… .
  • Hello, My name is Julia and I’m volunteer conducting student excursions… .
  • Hi there, I hope you’re enjoying your holidays/ trip/ college year/ honeymoon… .
  • Hello, thanks very much for asking me to visit you … .

Letter closings

You may need a letter closing to express gratitude, to repeat an apology, to offer help etc.

Examples of formal letter closings:

  • If you require any further information, feel free to contact me.
  • I look forward to your reply.
  • I look forward to hearing from you.
  • Once again, I apologise for any inconvenience.
  • I would appreciate your immediate attention to this matter.
  • I would deeply appreciate it if you could … .
  • Thank you in advance!
  • Thanking you for your assistance in advance, I look forward to hearing from you.

Examples of informal letter closings:

  • Anyway, I‛ve got to go now. Write again if you need any more information.
  • Well, let me finish here. I am eagerly waiting for your reply to this letter.

Letter structure

How to start and end the letter?

  1. Formal letterWhen you don’t know the recipient’s name:
    • Dear Sir … Yours faithfully
    • Dear Madam … Yours faithfully
    • Dear Sir or Madam … Yours faithfully
    • When the recipient’s name is known:
      • Dear Mr Green … Yours sincerely
      • Dear Mrs Green … Yours sincerely


    1. Semi-formal letterWhen you are writing to a good friend or colleague:
      • Dear Jonh … Best wishes/ Best regards
      • Dear Jonh … Many thanks


  1. Informal letterWhen you are writing to a good friend or colleague:
    • Hello Jonh … Best wishes/ Best
    • Hi Jonh … See you/ Missing you/ Love

    When you are writing to someone you love:

    • Dear Mary … Yours always/ Lots of love

Introducing the graph

The graph/table/pie chart/bar chart/diagram …

  • gives information about/on …
  • provides information about/on …
  • shows …
  • illustrates …
  • compares …
  • explains why …
  • describes …
  • draws the conclusion of (a survey) …

Example: The pie charts provide information on the proportion of males and females working in agricultural sector.

Types of changes



a rise (of), an increase (of), a growth (of), a peak (of), a surge (of)

Example: a rise of prices

a fall (in), a decrease (in), a decline (in), a dip (in)

Example: a fall in prices

a fluctuation (of)

a variation (in)

Example: a fluctuation of prices


to rise, increase, surge, grow and to peak

Large rises:

to rocket, to soar, to leap (->leapt), to fall, to decrease, to decline, to dip, to dive, to plunge

Large falls:

to plummet, to fluctuate, to vary

Description of changes












Example: the prices rose sharply







Example: the prices increased modestly













Example: there was a considerable growth








Example: there was a gradual decline

Using a wide range of vocabulary will help you to gain higher score at IELTS.

Don’t fear: you don’t have to learn all of these phrases. Just choose a few that you like and practice using them in your writing.

See also Vocabulary to describe graphs.

Listing Giving examples Generalising
firstly, secondly, thirdly for example in general
first, furthermore, finally for instance generally
to begin, to conclude as follows: on the whole
next that is as a rule
Reinforcement in this case for the most part
also namely in most cases
furthermore in other words usually
moreover Result/consequence Highlighting
what is more so in particular
in addition therefore particularly
besides as a result/consequence especially
above all accordingly mainly
as well (as) consequently Reformulation
in the same way because of this/that in other words
not only … but also thus rather
Similarity hence to put it more simply
equally for this/that reason Expressing an alternative
likewise so that alternatively
similarly in that case rather
correspondingly under these circumstances on the other hand
in the same way Deduction the alternative is
Transition to new point then another possibility would be
now, in other words Contrast
as far as x is concerned in that case instead
with regard/reference to otherwise conversely
as for … this implies that … on the contrary
it follows that if so/not in contrast
turning to Stating the obvious in comparison
Summary obviously Concession (smth unexpected)
in conclusion clearly even though
to conclude naturally however
in brief of course however much
to summarise as can be expected nevertheless
overall surely still
therefore after all yet

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